Gallbladder Attacks: Know the Signs and Symptoms

Gallbladder attacks can be quite frightening because it can feel like you’re having a heart attack. When the gallbladder is healthy, this small organ aids the digestive process by sick old man suffering from heartburn, acid refluxstoring bile and excreting it into the small intestine for food digestion. When the gallbladder is unhealthy, gallstones can form and block bile ducts, bile can back up in the gallbladder and cause painful inflammation, or the gallbladder can become infected with a condition known as Cholecystitis.

Gallbladder attacks often begin suddenly and can last anywhere between a few minutes to a few hours, sometimes even requiring hospitalization. Recognizing the signs and symptoms of gallbladder problems is important so that you know when to seek treatment.

The following are common symptoms:

  • Abdominal Pain – One of the most obvious symptoms of gallstones is pain that begins in the upper right portion of the stomach, under the ribs. This pain will radiate outwards, moving gradually to the center of the belly or upper back.
  • Indigestion – Complaints of gas, nausea, and abdominal discomfort after meals are common symptoms. One may experience symptoms of colic, which cause a steady gripping pain (i.e., like heartburn) in the upper right abdomen near the rib cage. Also, like heartburn, colic can radiate to the upper back and behind the breast bone causing pain and pressure.
  • Vomiting – Gallstone pain can cause vomiting, particularly following large or fatty meals.
  • Lack of Appetite – If nausea occurs mainly following meals, the patient may avoid eating altogether due to fear of pain.
  • Jaundice – If a gallstone becomes lodged in or blocks a bile duct, bile remains in your body and bloodstream, turning your skin and the whites of the eyes a yellowish hue known as Jaundice.
  • Urine Changes – Dark or discolored urine can indicate gallbladder issues as well as dehydration.
  • Diarrhea – Explosive and frequent bowl movements can occur with gallstone attacks, accompanied by pain that tends to come and go.
  • Stool Changes – When gallstones grow and block bile ducts, the color of the stool can become pale or clay-like.
  • Fever – If a patient with gallstones or prone to gallbladder attacks experiences fever and chills, this typically indicates an infection of the bile ducts. Fever will occur with acute cholecystitis, usually accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Patients with these symptoms should seek medical attention immediately. Acute cholecystitis is a life-threatening condition if left unattended.
  • Chest Pain – Gallbladder attacks are often mistaken for heart attacks. If a blockage or infection afflicts the gallbladder or bile duct, acid is trapped in the stomach and gets pushed up into the chest, resulting in heart attack-like pain.

If you have gallbladder pain or have been told you need to have yours removed, contact VIP Surg. The doctors will determine what treatment is right for you. Call for a consultation.


Gallbladder Disease and Gallstones

Some people think of their gallbladder as being “expendable”. Not that anybody wants any of their organs to be removed, but since many people live a seemingly normal life after getting their gallbladder removed, many people don’t think their gallbladder plays an important role in their overall health. After all, how important can your gallbladder be if you can do just fine after it’s surgically removed? The gallbladder actually plays a very important role in your body. It is an essential part of the digestive system.

Your gallbladder is most likely to give you trouble if something blocks the flow of bile through the bile ducts. That is usually a gallstone. Gallstones form when substances in bile harden. Rarely, you can also get cancer in your gallbladder. Many gallbladder problems get better with removal of the gallbladder. Fortunately, you can live without a gallbladder. Bile has other ways of reaching your small intestine.

In the United States, about a million new cases of gallstone disease are diagnosed each year, and some 800,000 operations are performed to treat gallstones, making it the most common gastrointestinal disorder requiring hospitalization.

Gallstone disease is the most common disorder affecting the body’s biliary system, the network of organs and ducts that create, transport, store, and release bile. Bile contains cholesterol, water, proteins, bilirubin (a breakdown product from blood cells), bile salts (the chemicals necessary to digest fat), and small amounts of copper or other materials. If the chemical balance of bile contains too much of any of these components, particularly of cholesterol, crystals form and can harden into stones.

In terms of size, gallstones can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. A person can form one large stone in his or her gallbladder, or hundreds! About 10 percent of the population has gallstones, but the vast majority experiences no symptoms and need no treatment. However, in 1 percent to 2 percent of these people, gallstones can cause problems by lodging in bile ducts, stopping the flow of bile or digestive enzymes, and leading to severe abdominal pain, vomiting, inflammation, and even life-threatening infection.

Gallstone attack has some classic symptoms: The most agonizing pain is experienced in the upper right part of the abdomen under the ribs. Usually it appears suddenly, sometimes an hour or two after eating a fatty meal. The pain may get worse quickly, and then last for several hours. Many times, the pain may radiate to the back between the shoulder blades or under the right shoulder. Inhaling deeply, or moving, often makes the pain worse. The primary therapy for gallstones that are causing pain, inflammation, or infection is removal of the gallbladder.

A number of factors put people at higher risk of gallstones:

  • Gender: Women between the ages of 20 and 60 are 3 times more likely to develop gallstones than are men in the same age group. By age 60, 20 percent of American women have gallstones.
  • Age: The incidence of gallstone disease increases with age.Tsuda 11-18
  • Genetics: Family history and ethnicity are critical risk factors in development of gallstones, though no gene responsible for gallstone formation has yet been discovered. African-Americans seem to have lower rates of gallstone disease than American Indians, whites, or Hispanics.
  • Obesity: Obesity is a significant risk factor, particularly for women. Obesity also slows down the emptying of the gallbladder.
  • Location of body fat: Belly fat, that spare tire around the middle, dramatically increases the chance of developing stones.
  • Diabetes: People with diabetes often have high levels of triglycerides in their blood, and these fatty acids tend to increase the risk of gallstones.

Even if you’re not at risk for gallstones, it is wise to maintain a healthy body weight, by among other things, sticking to a diet that is low in fat and cholesterol and high in fiber.

If you are in the Las Vegas area and suffering with gallstones or gallbladder disease, schedule a consultation at VIP Surg.