Gallbladder Attacks: Know the Signs and Symptoms

Gallbladder attacks can be quite frightening because it can feel like you’re having a heart attack. When the gallbladder is healthy, this small organ aids the digestive process by sick old man suffering from heartburn, acid refluxstoring bile and excreting it into the small intestine for food digestion. When the gallbladder is unhealthy, gallstones can form and block bile ducts, bile can back up in the gallbladder and cause painful inflammation, or the gallbladder can become infected with a condition known as Cholecystitis.

Gallbladder attacks often begin suddenly and can last anywhere between a few minutes to a few hours, sometimes even requiring hospitalization. Recognizing the signs and symptoms of gallbladder problems is important so that you know when to seek treatment.

The following are common symptoms:

  • Abdominal Pain – One of the most obvious symptoms of gallstones is pain that begins in the upper right portion of the stomach, under the ribs. This pain will radiate outwards, moving gradually to the center of the belly or upper back.
  • Indigestion – Complaints of gas, nausea, and abdominal discomfort after meals are common symptoms. One may experience symptoms of colic, which cause a steady gripping pain (i.e., like heartburn) in the upper right abdomen near the rib cage. Also, like heartburn, colic can radiate to the upper back and behind the breast bone causing pain and pressure.
  • Vomiting – Gallstone pain can cause vomiting, particularly following large or fatty meals.
  • Lack of Appetite – If nausea occurs mainly following meals, the patient may avoid eating altogether due to fear of pain.
  • Jaundice – If a gallstone becomes lodged in or blocks a bile duct, bile remains in your body and bloodstream, turning your skin and the whites of the eyes a yellowish hue known as Jaundice.
  • Urine Changes – Dark or discolored urine can indicate gallbladder issues as well as dehydration.
  • Diarrhea – Explosive and frequent bowl movements can occur with gallstone attacks, accompanied by pain that tends to come and go.
  • Stool Changes – When gallstones grow and block bile ducts, the color of the stool can become pale or clay-like.
  • Fever – If a patient with gallstones or prone to gallbladder attacks experiences fever and chills, this typically indicates an infection of the bile ducts. Fever will occur with acute cholecystitis, usually accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Patients with these symptoms should seek medical attention immediately. Acute cholecystitis is a life-threatening condition if left unattended.
  • Chest Pain – Gallbladder attacks are often mistaken for heart attacks. If a blockage or infection afflicts the gallbladder or bile duct, acid is trapped in the stomach and gets pushed up into the chest, resulting in heart attack-like pain.

If you have gallbladder pain or have been told you need to have yours removed, contact VIP Surg. The doctors will determine what treatment is right for you. Call for a consultation.

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Defining Obesity

To define what obesity means today, we can’t count on a dictionary. However, since obesity has become a growing national health problem in the U.S., it has perhaps never been more important that we have a working definition that we can all agree on.

In order to understand how someone is categorized as overweight or obese, the world’s health organizations have adopted the use of body mass index (BMI) to classify and communicate about body weight. BMI is a widely recognized weight-for-height index.

Unfortunately, this index does not quantify total body fat or convey information concerning regional distribution of fat — both of which are key to how obesity affects health. Nonetheless, BMI is an easily obtained measure that has been recommended for use in all age groups. Most clinical studies assessing the health effects of overweight and obesity rely on BMI.

Currently, the National Institutes of Health and the World Health Organization use the same measures of BMI for defining overweight. obese-3011213__340 (2)

  • If BMI is 25.0 to <30, it falls within the overweight range.
  • If BMI is 30.0 or higher, it falls within the obese range.

Since BMI describes body weight relative to height, it correlates strongly (in adults) with total body fat content. However, some very muscular people may have a high BMI without undue health risks.

Obesity is often from a combination of factors, based on both genetics and behavior. Accordingly, treating obesity usually requires more than just dietary changes.

Being overweight is a significant contributor to health problems. It increases the risk of developing a number of diseases including:

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Cancer (certain forms such as cancer of the prostate and cancer of the colon and rectum)
  • Gallstones and gall bladder disease
  • Gout and arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis (degenerative arthritis) of the knees, hips, and the lower back
  • Sleep apnea

Ideally, health-oriented definitions of overweight and obesity should be used that are based on the amount of excess body fat that puts an individual at a higher risk for health problems. Unfortunately, no such definition currently exists. Health risks associated with increasing weight are part of a continuum. People can have weight-associated health problems at BMIs lower than 25, and others can have no identifiable health problems at BMIs significantly greater than 25.

Easily determine your BMI with this free calculator: http://bit.ly/1D0ZqDv.

If you’re interested in bariatric surgery, schedule an appointment with us. Our team of experts can find the right treatment for you.
 

What is Metabolic Syndrome

Nearly 35% of all U.S. adults and an astounding 50% of those 60 years of age or older are estimated to have a syndrome that makes them twice as likely to develop heart disease and 5 times as likely to develop diabetes as someone who doesn’t have this syndrome. The disorder is called metabolic syndrome, and it involves a group of 5 risk factors that increase the risks of developing several potentially deadly conditions.

What is metabolic syndrome?

It’s a group of risk factors that increases the likelihood of developing heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. The 5 risk factors are:

  • increased blood pressure
  • high blood sugar levels
  • excess fat around the waist
  • high triglyceride levels
  • low levels of good cholesterol, or HDL

Having one of these risk factors alone doesn’t mean one has metabolic syndrome. However, having just one does increase the chances of developing cardiovascular disease. Having three or more of these factors is considered as having metabolic syndrome.

What are the risk factors for metabolic syndrome?

The risk factors are related mostly to obesity. The two most important risk factors are defined by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute as:

  • excess fat around the middle and upper parts of the body
  • insulin resistance, which makes it difficult for the body to use sugar

Other factors that can increase risk for metabolic syndrome include:

  • age
  • family history of metabolic syndrome
  • not getting enough exercise
  • women with polycystic ovary syndrome

What are the complications of metabolic syndrome?

Complications that can result from metabolic syndrome are often grave and chronic. Obesity concept in x-rayThey include:

  • hardening of the arteries
  • diabetes
  • heart attack
  • kidney disease
  • stroke
  • nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
  • peripheral artery disease
  • cardiovascular disease

If diabetes develops, additional health complications may result including:

  • eye damage
  • nerve damage
  • kidney disease
  • amputation of limbs

How is metabolic syndrome treated?

If you are diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, your doctor will probably recommend lifestyle changes that may include losing between 7-10% of your current weight and getting at least 30 minutes of moderate to intense exercise five to seven days a week. They may also suggest that you quit smoking.

Your doctor may prescribe medications to help reduce your risk of stroke and heart attack.

What is the outlook for patients with metabolic syndrome?

People who take their doctor’s advice and lose weight will reduce their chances of developing serious health problems such as heart attack or stroke. However, for many who are obese and haven’t been successful with diet changes and exercising, more intensive treatment like bariatric surgery might be needed.

If you live in the Las Vegas area and are considering bariatric surgery, schedule a consultation at VIPSurg. Our doctors and team of experts can help find the right treatment for you.

 

5 Common Signs and Symptoms of a Hernia

Hernias are caused when fatty tissue or internal organs squeeze through weak muscle walls and connective tissue. A hernia can occur in any part of the body, but the most common areas are the inner groin (inguinal hernia), outer groin (femoral hernia), near the navel (umbilical hernia), upper abdomen (hiatal hernia), or at the site of a recent surgical scar (incisional hernia) They can be mildly to extremely painful, and they sometimes go away when you press on them or lie down. They are aggravated by coughing or sneezing. If a hernia doesn’t resolve itself, you may require surgery.

Here are 5 common signs and symptoms of a hernia:

  1. Visible Lump – often the first indication of a hernia is a visible lump or bulge which left untreated becomes very painful as more tissue is forced through the opening, widening and splitting the muscle, forming a large sac. Sometimes patients notice the bulge before the pain, but often there’s pain before the lump is noticeable to the naked eye.

**It’s very important that you go to your doctor as soon as you notice a lump anywhere as it may signify another health issue.

  1. Pain — ranging from slightly uncomfortable to severely painful, patients report everything from just seeing the bulge with no pain to excruciating pain that cannot be ignored
  2. A Full Feeling — A heavy, bloated, or uncomfortable feeling in your gut is common to those with umbilical or hiatal hernias. A feeling often described as a dragging sensation in the groin may be an inguinal hernia.
  3. Stomach Upset — including indigestion, nausea, and bowel issues may occur with hernias located in the groin or abdominal areas. If a hernia becomes strangulated (or blood supply is cut off), you will experience nausea and vomiting. A strangulated hernia requires immediate emergency medical attention as it is life-threatening to the patient.
  4. Difficulty with Daily Activities — as hernias grow and pain worsens, the quality of your daily life is affected. When common activities such as work, picking up children, and exercise become difficult and uncomfortable, hernia-repair surgery is often the answer.

At VIPSurg, our surgeons are experts in hernia repair using minimally invasive daVinci robotic surgery. Schedule a consultation to learn more.

HERNIA

LINX: A Small Device Getting Big Results

Most of us experience heartburn or indigestion once in a while. Sometimes it comes from overeating; other times it happens from eating or drinking something acidic or spicy which irritates the digestive tract. Frequent heartburn, however, can be a sign of a more serious disorder known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). GERD is a digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which is the ring of muscle between the esophagus and stomach. While GERD can often be controlled with diet changes and/or medication, more severe cases require surgery. The LINX device and procedure is changing the lives of people who suffer from chronic GERD.

Doctors believe that some people suffer from GERD due to a condition called hiatal hernia. A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach bulges through the diaphragm muscle which separates the abdomen and chest.

The diaphragm has a small opening (hiatus) through which the esophagus passes before connecting to the stomach. With a hiatal hernia, the stomach pushes up through that opening and into the chest.

A small hiatal hernia usually doesn’t cause problems. You might never even know you have one unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another condition. A large hiatal hernia, however, can allow food and acid to back up into the esophagus, leading to heartburn.

You might think that although heartburn can be very uncomfortable and even quite painful, surgery seems like an aggressive treatment for a common condition. Unfortunately, the long-term effects of GERD can be increasingly serious.

Left untreated, GERD can cause:

  • Esophagitis – inflammation of the esophagus.
  • Esophageal stricture – the esophagus becomes narrow, making it difficult to swallow.
  • Barrett’s esophagus – the cells lining the esophagus change into cells similar to the lining of the intestine. This can develop into cancer.
  • Respiratory problems – it is possible to breathe stomach acid into the lungs, which can cause a range of problems including chest congestion, hoarseness, asthma, laryngitis, and pneumonia.

Fortunately, when changes in lifestyle, diet, and medication don’t help, there is a Actual size.Actual benefits are immeasurable.minimally invasive procedure that is having life-changing results for GERD patients. It’s called LINX. This simple ring of titanium magnets is a small device that brings big results.

LINX is easy to understand and love because it is simple. The beauty of this quarter-sized device is that it does exactly what your failing LES is supposed to do — prevent stomach acid from entering your esophagus.

Why is LINX so great?

  • Unlike other procedures to treat reflux, LINX is implanted around the outside of the LES and requires no alteration to the stomach.
  • LINX preserves normal physiological function so you can belch or vomit as needed. The titanium beads open and close to let food down, and if it needs to come up, it can.
  • Designed for a lifetime. LINX is constructed of titanium, and the permanent magnets mean LINX will be working for you for the long haul.
  • Designed for everyday life. The device will not affect airport security. And you can still have an MRI.
  • LINX is designed to start working the moment the device is implanted.

Are you ready to take back control of your digestive health? LINX is intended for patients diagnosed with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), and who are seeking an alternative to continuous acid suppression therapy. Are you concerned with a lifetime of medication, pharmacy visits, and potential side effects? If this sounds like you, and you live in the Las Vegas area, schedule a consultation at VIP Surg. LINX can change your life.