Experts believe if the current trends continue by 2030, 51% of the population will be obese. Obesity is a multi-faceted and highly complex medical condition that is projected to get a lot worse; yet it is a condition that is, for the most part, preventable. There seems to be no shortage of information on the topic, but how does one separate fact from fiction?
Let’s start by defining obesity:
- Obesity is a condition where a person has accumulated so much body fat that it might have a negative effect on their health.
- If a person’s bodyweight is at least 20% higher than it should be, he or she is considered obese.
- Weight and height are used to calculate a number called the Body Mass Index (BMI).
- If your BMI is between 25 and 29.9 you are considered overweight.
- If your BMI is 30 or over you are considered obese.
For more information about BMI visit: http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/index.html
Obesity is being called an epidemic because of the severe health consequences that are linked to obesity. These statistics from the World Health Organization (WHO) are quite startling:
- Worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980.
- In 2014, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 600 million were obese.
- 39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2014, and 13% were obese.
- Most of the world’s population live in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight.
- 42 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2013.
- Obesity is preventable.
- Being in either the overweight or obese weight ranges increases the likelihood of certain diseases and health problems.
- Obesity affects people of all ethnic backgrounds, income and education levels. The highest overall obesity rates continue to be found amongst racial and ethnic minorities, those with lower levels of education and lower income levels, and in rural populations.
Obesity is a concern because of its implications for the health of an individual as it increases the risk of many diseases and health conditions including: –
- Coronary heart disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon)
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Dyslipidemia (for example, high total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides)
- Liver and Gallbladder disease
- Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
- Gynecological problems
These conditions can cause or contribute to premature death and substantial disability.
Read more about obesity at: http://www.obesity.org/obesity/resources/facts-about-obesity/what-is-obesity
If you are obese and are considering bariatric surgery in the Las Vegas area, schedule an appointment with Dr. Shawn Tsuda. He can help you find the right treatment for your unique situation.